Media Bakery ID: AUR0015437 A woman takes a photo of a man canoeing on a lake at sunset in Idaho.

Digital Photography Techniques

Digital photography is different then film photography but there are a few things that remain the same, so here are a few techniques to keep in mind…

The key to taking a great photograph whether you’re using a digital camera or not is to take a moment before each shot, think carefully about what you want to capture or create and put meaning behind the motion!

1. Think About The Composition

What is composition and how is it different from the subject matter? Simply put, composition is the way that elements are arranged in an image. This includes everything from shadows to the lines of a table. You want to draw the viewer into the image and lead them around the scene. This is called working with ‘leading lines’ they are the lines within the composition that lead your eye to different points. Some examples would be a street, a fence, bridges, the shoreline or the horizon.

Media Bakery ID: PCH0112790 A man photographing sunset on a beach
Media Bakery ID: PCH0112790 A man photographing sunset on a beach

2. Exposure or Light

Exposure is about how much light you allow into the camera. If you have too much light, you get a washed out images, not enough light and your images will be too dark. Learn how to use a light meter (there are lots of available apps for your phone), and practice working with lens aperture and shutter speed.

3. Last but not least your ‘Depth of Field’

Depth of field (DOF) determines the look and feel of your image. DOF is controlled by the different aperture settings on your camera. Inside the camera lens is an iris which opens and closes letting more or less light in to expose the photograph. You control how much light comes in by changing the aperture setting, which in turn creates your Depth of Field.

4. Finally there is ISO

ISO stands for International Standards Organisation and refers to the sensitivity of emulsion based film, with 100 ISO being not sensitive and the standard ISO being 1600. Most digital cameras have interchangeable ISO settings which is useful because you can change the ISO setting for every shot you take without changing film. The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive your camera is to the light. A higher ISO number increases the sensitivity of your camera to light. The thing to remember here is that the higher the ISO setting the more noise your photos will have.

So when your out in the world composing your images have fun, experiment, keep it simple, and you will find success! It can be difficult to capture many of life’s moments as they move by so quickly but if you master these few Digital Photography Techniques you will be well on your way to taking the best photographs of your life!

Share some of your digital photo techniques below and visit us @Media Bakery to see some examples of great photography!

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